New Step by Step Map For red brand canners hbr case solution



These groove ring wax seal finishes, regardless of the precise manufacturing system used (mentioned afterwards), show up when looking down for the rim from the complete for being two round and parallel ridges having an indented groove separating them.  This groove was identified as an "annular groove" by early glassmakers.

  These characteristics are in line with a manufacture throughout the 1850s or early 1860s.  Just one of these bottles with the original label pointed out that it contained "tomato catsup" and related bottles from this business happen to be recorded in cobalt blue and deep environmentally friendly, even though the overwhelming majority are aqua (Zumwalt 1980; empirical observations).  Pickle bottles from this corporation had been also excavated from both equally the steamships Arabia and Bertrand which sank within the Missouri River in 1856 and 1865, respectively (Switzer 1974; Hawley 1998).  This provides some indication of how generally employed these bottles were being over the mid-19th century.

  Earlier illustrations (ca. 1890 and in advance of), like most other sort bottles, had cork accepting finishes of 1 variety or An additional.  Even so, with the 1890s and later on, externally threaded finishes with steel screw caps became escalating the most typical closure/finish mixture for ketchup.  Most designs also had some kind of molded system and/or shoulder attributes like vertical human body ribs (graphic on the remaining; common on 1890s to twenties bottles) or vertical human body facet panels (generally eight sides or maybe more) as proven with the bottles pictured right here.  Flat panels on the body are extremely regular of bottles from about 1910 to no less than the mid-20th century (and also right now on glass ketchup bottles however being used; most ketchup now is available in plastic).

Numerous terminology is Employed in the descriptions Which might be unfamiliar When you have not examined other webpages on This website.  If a term is unfamiliar, to start with Test the Bottle Glossary website page for an evidence or definition.  As an alternative, you can do a look for of the Web-site.  To do a term/phrase lookup 1 must make use of the "Research SHA" containers identified on many of the key SHA web pages, such as the Exploration Sources page (upper right aspect of that web page) which one-way links to This web site.

Equipment-made illustrations with J D S on the base day through the mid 1910s to 1920 or 1921, at which level John Duncan's Sons started using simple, unembossed bottles of exactly the same form.

For example, the likely sauce bottle pictured earlier mentioned is within the 1850-1870 era as it's a glass tipped pontil scar to the pedestal heel base, a crudely utilized one aspect oil complete, many hundreds of bubbles from the glass, and lacks evidence of air venting while it had been blown in a cup-base mildew - a feature largely found on non-pontil scarred bottles.  This appears for being an early illustration of cup-bottom mould use and could indicate a afterwards manufacture notwithstanding the existence of the pontil scar and All round crudity which speaks of a pre-1870 manufacture.

Yet another comparatively early identifiable milk bottle fashion is illustrated from the product pictured to the proper.  This small, 50 percent pint milk (likely cream) bottle is embossed on The bottom with EMPIRE / PATENTED AUG. thirteen, 01.  Click Empire foundation to view the mentioned embossing.  This mouth-blown bottle includes a tooled, "capseat" accepting, one-component "milk bottle" end (click close-up with the shoulder, neck and complete to check out this kind of While using the vital features pointed out) and was blown within a cup-bottom mildew.  In addition it demonstrates no clear evidence of air venting and that is strange to the period it was made, i.e., 1901 to quite possibly the early 1910s.  This specific design Using the distinct inward taper for the heel - known as a "bowling pin" form by collectors (the larger dimensions additional resemble a bowling pin) - was patented by Charles Nightingale and assigned for the Empire Bottle and Supply Corporation (New York, NY) on the day pointed out on The bottom.

It was not until finally the introduction of the Globe jar about 1886 that a favorite lever (cam lever & lid) kind jar caught on some While using the canning public.  This is simply not astonishing supplied the Levels of competition from other styles, and especially, the plethora of likely more affordable and (arguably) more uncomplicated and powerful Mason closure jars.  The Globe jar closure used a glass lid having a hemispherical seat that matched up to a rounded cam on the end of the brief lever which was connected into a moveable steel bail.

  These producing related diagnostic functions suggest a late mouth-blown manufacture of between about 1900 and 1915, although no info see this here on the business alone is offered to examine that estimate versus.  Simply click foundation perspective to view this sort of which reveals an embossed mildew selection (742) of no meaningful utility now.  American glass makers also referred to jars shaped similar to this as "English pickle" bottles (Flaccus late 1890s; Illinois Glass Co. 1903).

Quart PACIFIC / SAN FRANCISCO / GLASS Do the job "Victory" jar - Click the image to the ideal to perspective the lesser (quart) Edition of the identical kind enhanced Mason jar described previously mentioned with fundamentally a similar embossing pattern, same manufacturing characteristics, and exact same production time.

Dating summary/notes:  The several jars offered On this segment only scratches the area of the variety of jars that utilized some type of the external continual threaded "Mason" closure through the period from ahead of the Civil War through the full twentieth century into the existing.  It should be noted that Mason jars almost always have some type of proprietary or brand embossing on your body and/or The bottom; unembossed illustrations are quite unusual (Creswick 1987).

   Simply click Crosse & Blackwell chow chow bottle to see an identical bottle with the first label from this venerable English firm which commenced in 1706 and is reportedly continue to undertaking business enterprise nowadays (Zumwalt 1980; Caniff 1997).  Lots of (although not all) with the mouth-blown bottles employed by Crosse & Blackwell have C & B embossed on the base, a similar physical producing linked attributes as being the pictured bottle to the correct, and date with the identical period famous above (Toulouse 1971).  Simply click Crosse & Blackwell chow chow with out foundation embossing to watch an illustration found in Montana which has a fragmental label indicating use by Crosse & Blackwell but with out C & B embossed on The bottom. (Photograph courtesy of Scott Snyder.)

The facet mold seams disappear rather abruptly and distinctly beneath The bottom in the tooled, generally 1-portion, complete which may or may not Possess a capseat ledge on The within of the bore; There exists nearly always evidence of complete tooling in the form of faint concentric, horizontal rings over the end, and in particular, below the complete over the upper neck earlier mentioned the upper terminus of your aspect mould seams;

Square and hexagonal examples initially appeared in the late 1840s to perhaps early 1850s (Deiss 1981).

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